Minimally invasive surgery uses very small incisions and special instruments designed to minimize tissue damage and bleeding so patients can enjoy a faster recovery and less discomfort following their surgery. Minimally-invasive procedures are also associated with a lower risk of complications. Today, many gynecological surgeries can be performed using minimally-invasive techniques, including some procedures that can be performed on an outpatient basis and others that require only a single overnight stay in the hospital. A few surgeries can be performed using incisions made inside the vaginal wall without any need for external incisions.
Laparoscopy is a type of minimally-invasive surgery that uses a special instrument called a laparoscope to perform an array of surgical procedures and to diagnose pelvic pain, infertility, and other conditions. The scope is equipped with a tiny camera that captures images in the surgical site and then sends those images back to a monitor where they can be viewed by the surgeon. The surgeon uses those images to guide the surgical instruments, eliminating the need for larger incisions. Many laparoscopic procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis under sedation or anesthesia.
Laparoscopy can be used for an array of procedures, including:
In addition to these procedures, laparoscopy can also be performed to diagnose the cause of specific symptoms and to take biopsies (small tissue samples) for further evaluation.
A hysteroscopy is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure that uses a special scope called a hysteroscope to see inside the uterus and the fallopian tubes. Like laparoscopy, hysteroscopy can be used to perform surgical procedures and to diagnose medical conditions. Hysteroscopy is commonly performed to evaluate the cause of abnormal menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and fertility problems, and it can also be performed to remove polyps or adhesions (scar tissue) or to obtain biopsies for further evaluation.
Robot-assisted surgery uses a special surgical robot that’s controlled by the doctor and is used to perform specific parts of a surgical procedure. The doctors at Gresham Women's Healthcare are skilled in the da Vinci® surgical robot, the top-rated surgical robot used in gynecology and other areas of medicine to achieve very high degrees of precision and optimal patient outcomes. The da Vinci surgical robot can be used to perform many types of gynecological surgery, including minimally-invasive hysterectomies.
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